DELVING INTO THE CHHATTISGARHI HERITAGE: THE ENIGMATIC BHORAMDEO TEMPLE
Welcome to the enchanting world of the 1,000-year-old architectural wonder known as Bhoramdeo Temple, which is located in the scenic town of Chouragaon, Chhattisgarh. This temple acts as a portal to the colourful legacy of the area with its stunning sculptures, rich history, and cultural significance. Come along on a fascinating adventure as we explore the mysterious past and stunning architecture of Bhoramdeo Temple, known as the "Khajuraho of Chhattisgarh."
Unveiling the Magnificence
Bhoramdeo Temple, located in the Kabirdham area about 18 km from Kawardha, readily enthrals visitors with its enduring beauty. This temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva, was meticulously built between the 7th and the 11th centuries, displaying the craftsmanship and skill of the time. Its clever positioning amidst the stunning mountain ranges lends it a sense of intrigue and transforms it into an architectural marvel that takes you back in time.
The Architectural Splendor
Bhoramdeo Temple's distinctive building in a civilised manner is what gives it its splendour. The temple welcomes guests with its majestic exterior when it is facing east. You enter a gorgeous pavilion that is five feet above the ground by passing through one of the three doors. The pavilion is supported by four central pillars and twelve side pillars, each of which features elaborate and mesmerising artwork. The pavilion is 60 feet long and 40 feet wide. These pillars boldly display keechas, an ornamental feature that supports the roof in an elegant manner.
Exploring the Legends
Researchers and locals have been captivated by the traditions and mysteries that are woven together at Bhoramdeo Temple for years. A stunning statue of a man, commonly known to as a "yogi," is located deep within the mandapa of the temple and has an inscription on its pedestal. This 11th-century (1098 CE) inscription, which mentions the Naga monarch Gopaladev by name and alluded to possible Gopaladev patronage during the temple's building. However, there is still continuing investigation and intellectual discussion around the temple's affiliation and nomenclature.
Although some have suggested a link to the 'Adivasi' deity Bhoramdeo, local groups like the Baigas, Gonds, and Ahirs reject this notion. Another theory views Bhoramdeo as a manifestation of Lord Shiva and connects the temple to the god. The complex legends and enigmatic history of the name Bhoramdeo add to the temple's mysterious appeal.
The Historical Significance
When we look further back in time, we discover still another amazing link between Madwa Mahal and Bhoramdeo Temple. The name of Gopaladev is mentioned in an inscription found in Madwa Mahal in the year 1088 CE, which increases the likelihood that Gopaladev, the probable patron of Madwa Mahal, also had a significant influence on the construction of Bhoramdeo Temple in the 11th century. While some theories suggest the patronage of Naga kings Lakshmanadev Rai and Ramchandra Rai in the 14th century, the Bhoramdeo Temple's architectural style, which dates to the 11th and 12th centuries, more closely matches Gopaladev's era, supporting his potential association with this magnificent structure.
Preserving Cultural Heritage
The Bhoramdeo Temple is a physical example of Chhattisgarh's rich cultural heritage. Its elaborately carved walls, which are covered in statues of Uma Maheshwar, Ardhanarishwar, Harihar, and other gods, act as windows into the past's greatest artistic achievements. The venerated Shiva Linga, a long-honoured emblem of devotion and spirituality, is kept in the temple's holy sanctum. For worshippers and history buffs alike, the calm atmosphere and beautiful surroundings offer a spiritual retreat where they may fully immerse themselves in Chhattisgarh's rich cultural heritage.
As we conclude with our tour of Bhoramdeo Temple, we cordially welcome you to set out on your own adventure to this fascinating location. Explore the mysteries of the past, be amazed by the architectural skill of long-gone craftsmen, and appreciate Chhattisgarh's rich cultural legacy. For those who are interested in learning more about the region's fascinating history and cultural diversity, Bhoramdeo Temple is a must-visit location because of its historical significance, intricate sculptures, and religious significance. Watching the timeless beauty that has weathered the test of time will leave you with an everlasting impression of the mysticism and majesty of Bhoramdeo Temple.
Meril Mathew, Intern @DH
BA EPH, Christ University, Bangalore
1. Thakur, R., & Begum, S. (2021). THE SCULPTURES OF LORD SHIVA IN THE HISTORIC TEMPLE OF BHORAMDEV IN CHHATTISGARH (WITH REFERENCE TO DANCE). Elementary Education Online, 20(5), 6662-6662.
2. Bhoramdev Temple,Kawardha | Kabirdham ,Government of Chhattisgarh | India. kawardha.gov.in/en/tourist-place/bhoramdev-templekawardha/#:~:text=Bhoramdeo%20a%20thousand%20year%20old,from%207th%20to%2011th%20century.